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Oral History Interviews

Oral history recordings selected for digitization as part of Living Charlotte document many social aspects of postwar Charlotte, including the eras of segregation and desegregation in education and civil rights activism. Oral history interviews on this page are arranged topically, then alphabetically by interviewee.

Click here to browse or search oral history interviews in the Goldmine digital repository.
Click here to browse all oral history interviews in New South Voices, including interviews not digitized as a part of the Living Charlotte project.

Life in the Charlotte Region

Banks, Belle, 2002 January 25
In this interview, librarian and historic preservationist Margaret "Belle" Banks describes her early life in Pennsylvania and Delaware, her move to Charlotte, North Carolina in 1944, and her role in restoring Cedar Grove and the Hugh Torrance House and Store in Huntersville, North Carolina.

Biggerstaff, Elizabeth, 1996 October 18

Rutherford County native Elizabeth Biggerstaff describes her life near the mill village of Cliffside, her career, and how she balances work and family. She discusses working in her husband's dry cleaning business, as a dental assistant, and in her family's fast food restaurant chain. Her husband was active in local politics, and she describes her experiences joining him at events and seeking votes during his campaign for County Commissioner.

Blanton, Frances, 1992 November 24

Longtime Charlotte resident Frances Blanton discusses her family, and her childhood and adolescence. Topics include visiting her grandparents' farm, dating and recreational activities during her youth, and cultural changes over time.

Boulus, Mary Michel, 1993 June 28
Sister Mary Michel Boulus recounts her life and her forty-five year career in Catholic education and administration. She taught math at both public and Catholic schools before joining the Sisters of Mercy in 1949 and provides a summary of the order's history and how the Sisters became affiliated with Belmont Abbey.

Burney, G. Jackson, 1997 November 4
Charlottean G. Jackson Burney discusses his career in the communications industry, his family, and his volunteer work. He contracted polio at a young age and discusses throughout the interview how the disease impacted his life.

Campbell, Barbara, 1998 November 13
Longtime Charlotte resident Barbara Campbell discusses her life, career, and opinion on current political issues at the time of the interview. She grew up in Long Island, New York and lived in the Northeast before moving to Charlotte in 1967 soon after she married. She discusses working as an editor for East Woods Press in the 1970s, for Planned Parenthood during the 1980s and 1990s, and for the Mecklenburg County Solid Waste Department as a public information specialist in the mid to late 1990s.

Case, Virginia, 1996 September 10
Virginia Case discusses her family and life in Gastonia, N.C. She talks about hardships during the Great Depression and the impact of World War II in Gastonia, including rationing of goods and women going to work in the local textile mills and factories.

Coleman, Rosa Lee, 1979 May 25
Rosa Lee Coleman recounts her early life in Fayetteville, North Carolina, as well as her employment as a domestic service worker. As an African American, Mrs. Coleman discusses the complicated dynamics of her relationship with her white female employer, with whom she moved from Fayetteville to Charlotte in 1933.

Ensley, Waitsell, 2006 March 22
Textiles industry manager Waitsell Ensley discusses his life in Gaston County, N.C. and his family. He talks about rationing during World War II, school experiences, his parents and their early deaths, marrying in 1955, church activities, and societal changes.

Gilbert, Brett, 2006 October 26

Brett Gilbert recounts his life and experiences in rural Lincoln County and in Charlotte, North Carolina, and shares his viewpoints on a range of topics. Joining the Army National Guard in 1960, Mr. Gilbert explains how it was the military that exposed him to people from all over the country, leading to his growing awareness of the rest of the world outside of the South.

Goldfield, David (lecture), circa 1991

In this lecture, “A Southern Century”, UNC Charlotte history professor Dr. David Goldfield discusses the changing social and economic status of the American South in the twentieth century. While addressing the South as a whole region and generalizing the trend of Southern economic expansion, Dr. Goldfield often draws attention to Charlotte’s position within this narrative as a New South City.

Hancock, John, 1997 November 25

John Hancock recounts his experiences as a high school student at Garinger High School from 1970-1973 during the first years of integration of the Charlotte-Mecklenburg school system. He explains that while most of the students just wanted peace and quiet, there was a vocal minority of extremists on both sides, and he reflects on the outcomes of school integration in Charlotte.

Harwood, Lucille, 1994 October 8
Albemarle, N.C. native Lucille Harwood recounts her experiences during the Great Depression, World War II, and the second half of the twentieth century. She discusses her experiences in the U.S. Naval Reserve (Women's Reserve), more commonly known as the WAVES, during World War II, and describes race relations in Albemarle before and after desegregation.

Higgins, Sara Wyche, 1993 June 7
Sara Wyche Higgins discusses her almost forty years as a piano teacher in Mint Hill and Charlotte, North Carolina. After moving to Mint Hill in the late 1940s, Mrs. Higgins soon began playing accompaniment at Bain School, and she describes the central role the school played in the close-knit community's cultural life.

House, Nettie, 2006 October 24
Charlotte native Nettie House describes her life growing up in the Belmont neighborhood, her experiences during World War II, and her married life in Charlotte during the postwar period. She discusses the community around her home as a child, locally known as “Mill Hill,” and talks about childhood activities, school, and her personal experiences with integration and the diversifying population of Charlotte as an adult.

Hunter, David interview 1, 1996 October 2
Dr. David Hunter discusses his personal experiences with education and his lifelong work as an educator in his hometown of Charlotte, particularly his work at Central Piedmont Community College (CCPC) as a mathematics professor and administrator. He also describes growing up in the African American Cherry neighborhood, attending segregated schools, and graduating from Second Ward High School in 1951.

Jones, Simmons, 1993 February 28
Fashion photographer and author Simmons Baker Jones discusses his eventful life, beginning with his formative years growing up in a prominent Charlotte family and continuing through his service as a corporal in the U.S. Army during the Second World War, his experiences in Paris, New York, and Rome, and his return to Charlotte in the early 1970s.

Lativan, Gladys interview 2, 1993 July 1
Gladys Lavitan recounts her life and her sixty-three year acting career in Charlotte, North Carolina. She discusses how the city's theater community developed, with attention to the roles Tom Humble at the Little Theatre and Dorothy Masterson at the Golden Circle Theatre played in shaping the community's culture.

Lowder, Leon, 1999 March 6
Leon Lowder recounts his life, family, and work in retail and farming in central South Carolina from the 1930s-1980s. He talks at length about his work, particularly farming, and discusses various crops he cultivated, including cotton, corn, and soybeans; economic aspects of farm management; and hired employees.

Majors, R. Powell interview 1, 1979 May 23
Former Charlotte Rotary Club president R. Powell Majors recounts his experience as one of the founding patrons for the Rotary-sponsored Charlotte Boys Choir. He discusses the history of the choir, as well as the administrative, support, and operational aspects of the organization.

McGill, J. Henry, 2002 November 21
Charlotte businessman J. Henry McGill founded the McGill Rose Garden with his wife. In this interview, McGill recounts his experiences purchasing the property in a run-down neighborhood in 1950 (today, part of NoDa) that later became the rose garden, his wife's efforts to beautify the property by planting roses, and the positive impact the garden had on the local area and on Charlotte.

Miller, Christine, 2006 November 19

Christine Miller recounts her life growing up in Salisbury, North Carolina, as well as her forty years living in Charlotte. She describes living on her family’s five-acre farm in the country outside of Salisbury and her time working at Ketner’s Super Market, a predecessor to the Food Lion chain of grocery stores. She moved to Charlotte for his husband’s job in the late 1950s, and she recalls her extended family’s perception of Charlotte as a big, dangerous city.

Morgan, Betty, 2006 March 26
Betty Morgan recounts her life growing up on a farm in rural Rowan County, North Carolina during the 1940s-1950s. She describes living without modern conveniences like electricity and running water, and discusses the importance of education in her life.  

Nance, Jeffery L., 1997 September 30
Computer programmer Jeffrey Nance, a native of the Charlotte region, discusses his experiences attending Garinger High School during school integration in the early 1970s.

Nixon, Mary, 2005 November 18
Mary Nixon recounts her life and experiences growing up on a tobacco farm and living in rural Yadkin County, North Carolina. After high school Mrs. Nixon worked in several different factories until the age of 59, and discusses her experiences going on strike and participating in the picket line at the sheet metal factory where she worked.

Pickens, Marshall I. interview 2, 1979 March 23
Marshall I. Pickens recounts his fifty-year tenure working for the Duke Endowment fund in Charlotte, North Carolina. He explains the endowment’s purpose and lists some of the local institutions it has supported over the years.

Pistole, Mary K., 1993 March 27
Florist and business owner Mary Pistole recounts her life and experiences in Charlotte during the Great Depression, World War II, and the post-war era. Mrs. Pistole had two daughters in the Charlotte-Mecklenburg school system during the first year of busing for school integration in 1970, and she discusses their experiences after being transferred to Harding High School and Oaklawn Elementary School.

Snipes, Tom, 1993 February 25
Tom Snipes describes his early upbringing in Kannapolis and Raleigh, North Carolina during the Depression in a large family with meager resources, and his career as a psychology professor at Appalachian State University.

Thrower, Donnie R., 1994 October 4
Donnie Thrower describes her early life and career in the textile industry in McAdenville and Belmont, North Carolina, and her later career as a secretary at Fleissner, Inc. beginning around the late 1960s.

Wright, Mary Alice, 1993 October 31

Mary Alice Wright discusses growing up in the mill village in Waxhaw, North Carolina. In particular, she describes how she worked in the mill village as a concession stand operator and actively participated in social activities, such as square dancing and hayrides.

Wyant, Benjamin F. Jr., 1994 November 2
Benjamin F. Wyant, Jr. recounts his memories of growing up in the Charlotte neighborhood of Dilworth and of his forty-three year career at Duke Power Company.


Charlotte African American Community

Bates, Miriam, 2006 November 18
Miriam Bates recounts her life growing up in Charlotte in the Biddlesville neighborhood, attending West Charlotte High School in the 1940s, her college experience at Hampton University in Virginia, and her return to Charlotte in 1978 after living in Connecticut.

Beckwith, Carson H., 2006 December 1
In this interview, Carson Beckwith recounts his life and career as a cosmetologist in Charlotte, North Carolina. He discusses his upbringing in rural Craven County, N.C., his experiences while attending school at the North Carolina College of Negroes (now North Carolina Central University), and his move to Charlotte in 1939 with his wife.

Bonham, William Frank, 2006 November 16

William Frank Bonham discusses his life growing up in segregated Charlotte and his significant contributions to the community, in particular his involvement in the local branch of the NAACP and his career as one of the first black telegram delivery men.

Boyd, Harvey, 2004 April 17
Born in Matthews, NC, artist and illustrator Harvey Boyd recalls his experiences pursuing art in school despite resistance from family and society, his professional accomplishments working for the Charlotte Observer in advertising and for the Washington Post, and continuing his art education at Howard University.

Boyd, Viola, interview 1, 2004 March 9
Boyd, Viola, interview 2, 2004 March 26
Viola Boyd, a hairdresser and mother of Harvey Boyd, discusses her family, work, life as an African American woman during segregation, and the civil rights movement. Mrs. Boyd talks about Matthews, and in particular the Crestdale community where she grew up.

Brown, Banita, 2006 December 2
Dr. Banita Brown, an associate chemistry professor at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte, reflects on her upbringing, education, and career. She discusses the academic challenges and the social environments she encountered, explaining that her ability to handle and grow from difficult situations stemmed from her family and faith.

Davis, Price F., interview 3, 2006 November 18
Price Davis recounts his early life in segregated Charlotte, North Carolina. He shares his memories of living in the predominantly white township of Providence in Mecklenburg County as well as his experiences of growing up in Cherry, one of Charlotte’s African American neighborhoods.

Dunlap, William Samuel, 2006 December 1
William Samuel Dunlap, commonly known as Sam, recounts his life in Charlotte’s Brooklyn neighborhood, focusing on his success as a student-athlete at J.H. Gunn High School, and his time as a student at Carver College. Mr. Dunlap describes joining non-violent protest with students from Johnson C. Smith University, which helped to integrate uptown Charlotte's businesses.

Gaines, Rosena H., 2004 March 25
Rosena H. Gaines describes her early life in Charlotte's Brooklyn neighborhood, and her experiences as both a student and a teacher at Second Ward High School.

Love, John Willie, 2004 April 9
John Love discusses his life in Charlotte and his personal experiences with segregation, the civil rights movement, integration, and race relations in the city.  Although Mr. Love does not see himself as a civil rights activist, he acknowledges his significance as one of the first African Americans to integrate the workforce within both the Charlotte city government (the city engineering department and the post office) and the Charlotte Observer in the 1960s.

Miller, LaVerne, 2006 November 26
LaVerne Miller discusses her experiences growing up in Second Ward, a predominantly African American neighborhood in Charlotte, North Carolina, in the 1950s and 1960s. Mrs. Miller also relates her experiences at segregated Second Ward High School, including school clubs she was involved in and homecoming.

Saunders, Marty Johnson, interview 1, 2006 November 28

Saunders, Marty Johnson, interview 2, 2006 December 7
Charlotte native Marty Saunders talks about her life, family, and career as a teacher. She describes the Biddleville neighborhood where she grew up and attending segregated black schools including West Charlotte High School and Johnson C. Smith University. She describes working as a teacher in Charlotte before and after school integration and talks about race relations between teachers, parents, and students.

Steele, Barbara C., 2004 April 1
Barbara Steele recounts her childhood and life in Brooklyn, a historic African American neighborhood in Charlotte, North Carolina, before it was torn down during urban renewal in the 1960s.

Thompson, Vernard, 2006 December 2
Vernard Thompson recounts his early life growing up in Charlotte's Third Ward neighborhood and life in the city's African American community during segregation. He discusses his childhood, his experiences attending segregated schools during the 1950s and 1960s, and the role sports played in his community.

Vaughn, Mary, 2006 November 18
Mary Vaughn describes her experiences growing up in the segregated Charlotte neighborhood of Brooklyn and shares her opinions on social issues at the time of interview. She recalls the poor quality of the homes in her neighborhood and how her family was forced to relocate in the 1960s when the Brooklyn neighborhood was torn down during urban renewal.

Washington, Nathaniel, 2006 November 14
Nathaniel Washington describes his early life in the Third Ward section of Charlotte, North Carolina, his experiences in segregated schools during the 1950s-1960s, and how he faced racial discrimination in his daily life.

Charlotte Medical Community

Elder, Thereasea Delerine, Interview 1, 1993 June 25
Elder, Thereasea Delerine, interview 2, 2001 May 9
Thereasea Elder recounts her forty-five years' experience as a nurse, including her time at Good Samaritan Hospital, Charlotte's only medical facility for African Americans during segregation, and her participation in the integration of Charlotte's community health program in the 1960s. Ms. Elder is known in her community for her civil rights advocacy, and in the second interview, discusses her views on the limited success of integration and the current state of race relations in Charlotte.

McLeod, Jonnie, interview 1, 1993 July 6
McLeod, Jonnie, interview 2, 2002 July 11
Dr. Jonnie McLeod, a pediatrician who pioneered the treatment of substance abuse and the teaching of sex education in Charlotte during the 1950s-1970s and who founded the McLeod Addictive Disease Center, reflects on her life and career.

Perryman, Julia, 1997 September 26
Julia Perryman recalls her experiences growing up in Thomasville, North Carolina in the 1930s and 1940s, attending nursing school during World War II, and working as a nurse in a general practitioner's office.

Stratton, J. David, 2003 May 28
Dr. J. David Stratton, a long-practicing ophthalmologist and former president of the Mecklenburg County Medical Society (MCMS), reflects on his career and the evolution of Charlotte’s medical community through the second half of the twentieth century.

Charlotte Pipe and Foundry

Charlotte Pipe and Foundry chairman Roddy Dowd commissioned the Museum of the New South (now the Levine Museum of the New South) to conduct this oral history project in 1993, which provides a snapshot into the history and culture of the company from the 1920s to the 1990s. These oral histories reflect the perspective of both blue collar workers and company executives whose work at Charlotte Pipe and Foundry was shaped and altered by technological innovations and changes in production over time.

Barber, Jasper, 1993 September 22
Conder, Wilma, 1993 September 22
Gibson, Hassey, 1993 June 3
Hager, Dorothy "Dot," 1993 November 2
Morrow, Kneever "Joe" Sr., 1993 June 15
Price, Jim, 1993 June 8
Raborn, Earl, 1993 October 21
Williams, Don, 1993 October 22

Journalism in the Charlotte Region

Claiborne, Jack, 2003 June 5
Jack Claiborne, former editor at the Charlotte Observer and former director of public relations at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte (UNC Charlotte), reflects on his life, work, and the city of Charlotte. He discusses his forty year career at the Charlotte Observer, where he is best remembered for his weekly editorial column This Time and Place which ran from 1970-1990.

Payne, Eugene, interview 1, 2005 February 24
Payne, Eugene, interview 2, 2005 March 24
Eugene Payne, former editorial cartoonist for the Charlotte Observer, recounts his family's long history in Charlotte, his military service during World War II, and his forty-year career as a Pulitzer-prize winning editorial cartoonist for the Charlotte Observer.

Wister, Emery interview 1, 1979 May 23
Emery Wister, a journalist and editor at the Charlotte News, recounts his life and experiences in Charlotte, North Carolina. He discusses his long career in the news industry, focusing on his work as an entertainment reporter and as a business reporter.

Ku Klux Klan Interviews

For this collection, interviewer Ruth Faye Griffin interviewed the son and daughter of Robert E. Scoggin, a former Grand Dragon of the Ku Klux Klan in Spartanburg, South Carolina. The interviewees discuss their memories of attending KKK rallies as children, their perception of their father’s involvement in the organization, and their reaction to the House Committee on Un-American Activities’ trial and portrayal of Robert Scoggin.

Holland, Peggy, part 1
Holland, Peggy, part 2
Scoggin, Jonathan

Politics in North Carolina

Brennan, Louise Smith, circa 1990-1999
Louise Brennan discusses her early life growing up in Concord, the role of the Democratic Party in Southern politics, and her experiences as an elected North Carolina legislator.

Gilmore, Tom, 1996 September 29
Democrat Tom Gilmore discusses his life and career in N.C. politics. He was president of the Young Democrats at North Carolina State University (NCSU) while in college, served as a delegate to the 1964 and 1968 Democratic National Conventions, won a seat in the N.C. House of Representatives in 1972, and was appointed the Deputy Secretary of Human Resources in 1978. His support of civil rights legislation during the early 1960s made him a target of white supremacists and Ku Klux Klan members.

Hair, Elisabeth G., 1993 June 25
Elisabeth "Liz" Hair, the first woman to be elected to the Mecklenburg County Commission, recounts her life and involvement in Charlotte-Mecklenburg's government and Democratic Party from the 1950s-1970s.

Stratton, Hila, 2003 June 3
Hila Stratton reflects on her life in Charlotte, her community work, and her activist work with the Republican Party. She discusses her involvement in local politics, including her two unsuccessful campaigns for a seat in the North Carolina House of Representatives, detailing what it was like to be a woman running for political office in the late 1960s.

Thomson, Cindy, 2004 April 1
Cindy Thomson recounts her experiences with the National Organization for Women (NOW) and as a feminist activist in Charlotte, North Carolina. She explains how she became involved with NOW, discusses her role in the development of the Charlotte chapter, and outlines the organization's overall state and local structures.

Civil Rights Activists and Attorneys

Alexander, Alfred, 2001 May 10
Alfred Alexander describes his early life in Charlotte, North Carolina during the 1950s-1970s as the son of prominent civil rights pioneer Kelly Alexander Sr., a leader in the Charlotte and the North Carolina branches of the NAACP.  The Alexander family was central in the fight against racial discrimination in Charlotte.

Alexander, Margaret, 2001 April 30
Margaret Alexander, civil rights activist and wife of civil rights pioneer Kelly Alexander Sr., discusses her involvement in Charlotte's civil rights struggles of the 1950s and 1960s as a member of the Charlotte-Mecklenburg branch of the NAACP.

Chambers, Julius L., 1997 October 24
Charlotte attorney and civil rights leader Julius L. Chambers, who represented the plaintiffs in the landmark U.S. Supreme Court case Swann v. Charlotte Mecklenburg Board of Education, talks at length about the desegregation of schools in Charlotte during the late 1960s and early 1970s.

Clarke, Mary Lou, 2001 May 11
Mary Clarke, Charlotte-Mecklenburg NAACP president (1986-1990), describes her experiences working for the NAACP from the 1950s to the 1990s, with attention given to her early role as a fundraiser and her later work as chapter president.

Cummings, Humphrey
Charlotte attorney Humphrey Cummings discusses his memories as an African American undergraduate student at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte during the late 1960s and early 1970s.

Ferguson, James E. II, 2001 November 28
James Ferguson, a partner at Julius Chambers' law firm (the first integrated law firm in North Carolina), recounts his life’s work fighting for civil rights in the state and his role in Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education.

Freeman, Sidney L. interview 1, 2003 May 21
Dr. Sidney L. Freeman, minister at the Unitarian Universalist Church of Charlotte and faculty member at Johnson C. Smith University, discusses his involvement in the civil rights movement in Charlotte during the 1960s-1970s including participation in sit-ins and his thoughts on how school integration following Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education has benefited Charlotte.

Hawkins, Reginald A. interview 1, 2001 June 11
Charlotte civil rights leader and dentist Dr. Reginald Hawkins discusses his experiences during the era of segregation; his political activism as a student at Johnson C. Smith University during the 1940s; his experiences practicing dentistry in Charlotte beginning in 1948; and his leadership in the local Charlotte NAACP, the Mecklenburg Organization on Political Affairs (MOPA), and in advocating for school integration during the period following Brown vs. Board of Education.

Jones, J. Charles
J. Charles Jones – civil rights activist, Freedom Rider, and founding member of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) – recounts his early life growing up in the Carolinas and his involvement in the African-American Civil Rights Movement during the 1960s.

Justice, Girvaud interview 1, 2006 August 6

Justice, Girvaud interview 2, 2006 August 11
Justice, Girvaud interview 3, 2006 August 25
Justice, Girvaud interview 4, 2006 September 22
Girvaud Justice was one of four African American students who attended all-white schools in Charlotte in 1957 as a challenge to the city's slow response to desegregate schools, which had been mandated by the Supreme Court ruling in Brown v. Board of Education in 1954.


Education in Charlotte and Mecklenburg County

The Era Before Brown v. Board of Education

These interviews focus on the educational experiences of members of the African American community of Charlotte during the era of segregation. Many interviewees also discuss how things changed once segregation ended and how school differed for their children.

Baxter, Vanessa C.
Davis, Calvin; Davis, Naomi
Dial, Walter
Ely, Vermelle; Davis, Price; Funches, John
Latimer, Mable
Patton, Connie; Patton, Marian
Ross, James L.
Sanders, Freddie; Sanders, Christine
Stroud, Daisy

School Desegregation and Integration

Brayboy, Jeanne
Jeanne Brayboy recounts her life, career as an elementary school music teacher, and firsthand experience of Charlotte’s schools before and after integration from the 1950s-1970s, particularly Oaklawn Elementary.

Counts-Scoggins, Dorothy, interview 1, circa 2004-2006
Dorothy Counts-Scoggins was the first African American student to attend the all-white Harding High School as part of the Charlotte City Schools’ first reluctant attempt at school desegregation in 1957. In this interview, Mrs. Counts-Scoggins reflects on her brief time at Harding and how things have changed for African Americans since that time.

Crosby, Kathleen R., 2001 October 1
Kathleen Crosby recounts her forty-year career as an educator in Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools (CMS), including her experience as the first Head Start Program coordination for Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools and principal of Billingsville Elementary, and describes student conditions and school culture during segregation and after integration.

Folk, Chris interview 2, 1996 September 16
Chris Folk, longtime employee of the Charlotte-Mecklenburg school system and associate superintendent of the school system from 1964 to 1992, discusses his life and work as an educator. Dr. Folk reflects on the challenges posed by integration of Charlotte’s schools beginning in 1970.

Haywood, Andrew P. "Sam," interview 3, 1997 November 4
Dr. Andrew "Sam" Haywood discusses his role as principal of Independence and West Charlotte High Schools and as chairman of county high school principals during the turbulent years of school desegregation in Charlotte during the late 1960s and early 1970s.

Stroud, Gerson L., 2001 June 20
Gerson L. Stroud was the principal of West Charlotte High School during the school's integration in the late 1960s - early 1970s and describes administrative challenges the school faced during that time.

West Charlotte High School During Desegregation

These interviews chronicle the experiences of teachers and students at West Charlotte High School, "the school that made desegregation work," primarily during the busing era of the 1970s and 1980s. West Charlotte was an all-black high school until busing in of white students began in 1969, and was often viewed as a model for successful school integration.

Baxter, Andy, 1999 June 29

Ledford, Barbara, 1999 July 17
Seizinger, Betty, 1999 June 22

Charlotte-Mecklenburg Open Schools

Coinciding with court-ordered busing and following a national trend in education, the Charlotte-Mecklenburg School System opened three optional open school programs in the early 1970s, including Irwin Avenue Elementary School, Piedmont Middle School, and West Charlotte High School. From the beginning these schools were supported by a diverse parent body, including many community leaders such as future mayor Harvey Gantt, president of UNC System Dick Spangler, and civil rights lawyer Julius Chambers. These interviews discuss the history and significance of open education in the Charlotte-Mecklenburg region.

Bellamy, Linda, 2005 October 25
Bilal, Brenda, interview 1, 2005 January 6
Bilal, Brenda, interview 2, 2005 January 13
Faris, Daniel Ford, 2005 June 22
Gantt, Sonja, 2004 December 8
Grant, Pamela M., 2005 May 31
Moore, Beverly, 2005 May 27
O'Neil, Martha, 2005 August 12
Powell, Carolyn P., 2004 January 2
Riley, Sue Spayth, 2005 September 13


DeHart, Howard, 2008 March 20
Stock car mechanic and pit crew chief Howard Dehart reflects on his life, career, and NASCAR of the 1940s-1980s. DeHart worked for forty-five years in Holman Moody's automotive shop, and worked as the pit crew chief for some of Moody's drivers, including Nelson Stacy.

Flock, Frances, 2008 January 30
Frances Flock, the wife of stock car driver Tim Flock, reminisces about her early life, Mr. Flock's racing career, and her involvement in the motorsports community.

Smith, Harold, interview 2, 2008 March 19

Modified stock car mechanic Harold Smith describes his career from the 1950s-1980s, including time working in William Mason's garage and working as his son Randy Smith's crew chief.

Warren, T. Taylor, interview 1, 2005 December 7
Warren, T. Taylor, interview 2, 2006 January 12
T. Taylor Warren reflects on his life, his photography career, and the early days of photographing NASCAR racing. From 1957 to 1971, Warren was the official photographer for Bill France Racing and he recounts his experiences working for the founder of NASCAR.

White, Rex, 2008 May 15
Rex White discusses his career as a stock car racer in the 1950s-1960s. He describes how he got his start in the racing community as part of Frankie Schneider's pit crew and describes various tracks including Bowman Gray in Winston-Salem.